Direct Cable Connect Setup Instructions
This is an illustrated guide to the rather obscure settings required for direct cable connect (DCC) to operate. Commercial products exist that provide similar functionality and easier setup, however, the word"free" can motivate even the inexperienced user to endure the mysteries and rewards of Windows 95 setup. Files and folders from the remotely connected computer appear in windows explorer and are available to applications such as Word. Microsoft network compliant games such as Doom also communicate across the link. DCC does not easily connect TCP/IP. Minimum transfer rates for DCC are 150Kbytes/minute for serial and 500K/min for parallel which is slow compared to an actual network connection.
The cable you use must be compatible with direct cable connect. Any computer store will have cables especially made and will be called "Windows 95 / direct cable connect" or "interlink" compatible. Ask for assistance, they will know what you need. If your link does not seem to work, and you are unsure if the cable is compatible, consider saving your time and purchasing a cable made for the job. If you have an ohm-meter you can compare your cable to the schematics listed on this page. Serial cables depend upon the configuration of your port, DCE or DTE. Most often a "null-modem" cable will be the correct choice IF both ports are DTE or DCE. Sometimes a mix of DTE/DCE requires a pass-though cable (a serial gender changer can also be used).
Important Note: Some Laplink serial (and perhaps other brands) do not connect the handshaking signals from end to end, even though they operate correctly with these third party software packages DCC may not connect, or if they connect they may not operate properly.
Both computers must have an unused port available. DCC may operate using two printer ports, or two serial, a mixture of serial and parallel will not work and may cause damage to the printer port in extreme cases. Printer (parallel) ports have 25 holes in a D shaped connector (female type port on the back of the computer). Serial ports may have either 25 or 9 pins visible and are most often male type (also D-shaped on the back of the computer).
Note: Both ports must be the same type (serial or parallel)
Hint: You are about to perform the changes required to enable the direct connect feature in Windows 95. This requires some changes and/or installation of network drivers to the operating system. You should exit all applications on the computer being configured, and if windows prompts to RESTART the computer ... please do it. Windows performs some of the installation procedure following a restart, and combinations of more than one post update can cause trouble.
Click START / Settings / Control Panel
Click Add/Remove Programs and verify you have Direct Cable Connection Installed.
If the check mark is not apparent next to "Direct Cable Connection," click in the box then select OK. Windows will install the direct cable client when you click OK at the main Add/Remove Programs Properties window.
You now must select a protocol to be present on both computers. NetBEUI alone is fine, however when connecting to a computer on a LAN using the NetBEUI protocol Microsoft recommends the IPX/SPX-compatible protocol also be present (see KB article #127136)
In the Control Panel, click on Network:
You may already have some of the network drivers installed. You will need to have "Client for Microsoft Networks," "File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks" and at least one protocol other than TCP/IP (NetBEUI or IPX/SPX). Click on the "Configuration" tab to examine your network components.
Add the service called "File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks." Click ADD, select SERVICE, click ADD, select Microsoft and add "File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks." Windows will also install Client for Microsoft Networks:
Now assign the name of your windows 95 computer; this appears in the first box entitled "Computer Name." You will need this name later in the DCC connect procedure. If one of the computers is connected to a Microsoft networking LAN, enter your "Workgroup" name (this can be found by examining this panel on the LAN connected computer).
Important Note: Both computers must have a different "Computer Name."
Now Share your file system. Click on the Configuration tab on the Network window, then click the button labeled File and Printer Sharing. Select "I want to give others access to my files". If you have a printer connected to the computer it may also be shared.
Configure the bindings for TCP/IP so no-one can access or damage your files while logged into the internet. This is done by selecting Configuration in the Network panel and selecting the TCP/IP-> Dial-Up Adapter.Users who are sharing files on a local network or who are protected by a corporate firewall may omit this step.
This is done by highlighting the drive, clicking file and properties. Give an appropriate share name as this will assist you when using the files from a remote computer. Example: share name for drive c: in this example is DRIVE_C.
To replace the ICON you need to have a program called "Tweak UI (user interface)." This is one of the tools provided by Microsoft and you may download a copy of it by clicking below. You need only do this if you cannot find the Network Neighborhood ICON on your desktop.
RESTART YOUR COMPUTER if you chose not to during the setup of your computer.
Make Sure You Have Performed Setup Procedure on BOTH Computers
Select Host and Guest Computer
Most people make notebooks the GUEST and desktops the HOST. It is quite easy to change Guest/Host settings so don't stress on the decision too much!
Connect the file transfer cable and note the port used for the host and the guest.
Note: Provided both connections are serial, or both parallel it does not matter if one is com1 and the other com4 etc.
DO THIS PROCEDURE ON THE HOST
On the HOST computer, click Acessories/System Tools/System
Verify dial-in has not been disabled on the Host if you are connected to a LAN or experience trouble connecting with DCC. This setting, if disabled, has been reported to prevent connection on later versions of Windows 95.
Launch the "Direct Cable Connect" utility in windows 95 (It is probably in the "Accessories" menu.)
If the port you are using does not appear, click the "Install New Ports" button and follow the directions. In the event this fails you have not correctly installed the port into Windows 95. It should appear in the System display for Control Panel.
DO THIS PROCEDURE ON THE GUEST
Launch the "Direct Cable Connect" utility on the Guest:
Using Direct Cable Connect
Direct cable connect should now be configured for operation on your computers. It is not required to setup the HOST/GUEST settings again unless the location of the cable is changed. Clicking LISTEN/CONNECT bypasses the setup procedure using the last known configuration.
Note: It is not wise to disconnect the cable during file transfers. You should click CLOSE on the Direct Cable Connection box before unplugging or shutting down one of the computers.
If you intend to use DCC often, create a shortcut and drag it onto your desktop for convenience.
You may create a shortcut on the desktop or access the feature by clicking START - Programs - Accessories - Direct Cable Connection.
(HOST Computer Display)
Start DCC on the HOST computer first by clicking LISTEN. When the HOST is ready, the image above should appear. Now start DCC on the guest by clicking CONNECT.
(GUEST Computer Display)
(GUEST Computer Display)
(GUEST Computer Display)
(GUEST Error Display)
If you see the "Cannot connect to the host computer" box, there may be a problem with the cable you are using, or something is not configured correctly. Review the setup procedure on both computers and verify that you have indicated the correct ports in the guest/host setup. Check dial-in is enabled on the HOST.
Enter the "Computer Name" you assigned for the Host computer.
If you did not correctly enter the Host computer's name, this warning will appear. Other protocol compatibility problems also can cause this dialogue box to appear. This is a common problem with DCC users and can be ignored by clicking OK.
If the HOST computer is connected to a LAN using Microsoft Networking you can enter your account information here, otherwise click CANCEL.
You may disregard this message, it should not affect your ability to transfer files over DCC. Microsoft has updated the rasapi32.dll to correct problems related in this area.
The two computers are attempting to resolve their names and shared folder lists. This should take less than one minute.
When the connection is ready, both computers should have a "Connected" dialogue box displayed. The GUEST computer will also have a button called "View Host." The view host display brings up windows in a manner similar to the "My Computer" function on your desktop. The View Host feature will not work correctly if the "Cannot Find Host Computer" error occurred, and you will have to use windows explorer to access the remote.
Using Windows Explorer to Access Remote Files and Mount Remote Drives
In Windows 95 Explorer click Tools/Find/Computer.
Enter the "Computer Name" you assigned for the Host computer. Click Find.
The remote drive is now mounted and ready for use. Files may be accessed in explorer or other applications by referencing the drive letter assigned above.
The network drive mounting procedure may be abbreviated by simply launching windows explorer, TOOLS / Map Network Drive:
Enter the proper network address of the drive as follows:
Create a shortcut on the desktop for the network resource as follows: After find computer and clicking on the little computer:
Drag the shared resource onto the desktop:
Whenever the remote computer is connected, the files can be accessed by clicking on the shortcut. You must establish the DCC connection first before clicking on the shortcut.
Once you have your connection going, it will become apparant things would be better if DCC was just a bit faster. Some adjustments can be made to increase your speed.
Not all parallel file transfer cables are the same. Some are slow 4 bit ones and others support EPP operation. Rather than cite the details here, go to the source for parallel information contained at the Parallel Technologies FAQ page.
Serial users can increase their transfer rate to about 90K baud. Do not change the baud rate settings until the link is working and you have transferred a few files to test it. Increased baud rates can exceed a ports capabilities and prevent DCC from connecting. A mismatch will also prevent connection. If you are ready, click START-Control Panel and Double click the System icon.
Click on the "Device Manager" tab and then Double Click the Modem group.
Set the baud rate to the maximum speed that both of the computers will allow. PLEASE REMEMBER that you have changed the default baud rate which is normally 19200 baud. You will not be able to connect to other computers without changing their baud rate as well. BOTH COMPUTERS MUST BE The SAME BAUD RATE.
Note #1: The baud rate setting will not take effect until the computer is Restarted.